Varanasi or the city of temples is the world’s oldest living city and also the cultural hub of India. The city is 3000 years old and as the name suggests is famous for temples and has one round every corner. The city is also known for its famous muslin or silk used in dress materials, it is the home to one of the holy rivers of India the Ganga and also for “paan”, an Indian sweet delicacy wrapped up in the paan leaf mixed with coconut shredding. The city if temples also house the famous BHU university.
The city has a vast and a rich traditional history. According to the Hindu mythology the city has had supposed to be Lord Shiva. According to one of the myths during a fight between Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma, one of the five heads of Brahma was torn apart by shiva after which Shiva carried Brahma’s head everywhere with him except when he came to Varanasi when he accidentally dropped the head and the head of Lord Brahma disappeared into the ground and thus the city is considered to be very holy and a powerful divine destination. It was during the Mughal rule over India when the city really prospered as the old ruins and the devastated temples were rebuilt and new ones were built by the Akbar the ruler.
The culture of Varanasi is that of an ethical and traditional state. In the literary aspects, the city has been home to several known and renowned Indian poets and authors. Some of them include Kabir, Ravidas, Tulsidas who wrote the Ram Charitra Manas while residing in the city. In terms of hospitality, the inhabitants of the city of Varanasi are very warm and welcoming and stand true to their religious roots and beliefs.
Mostly the city is famous for its majestic temples but the city is also home to the origin of the Buddhism. It is said that Gautam Buddha the founder of Buddhism started the religion in this city, due to which one can witness stupas and Tibetan styled and inspired temples.
In all, as mark twain has said “older than history, older than tradition, older even than legend, and looks twice as old all of them put together”