Rome, Italy’s capital, has nearly 3,000 years of architecture and culture on display. This city was found on 21st April 753 BC. It covers an area of 1285 km2 with a population of 28.7 lakhs as in 2017. Local time in Rome is just an hour ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time). The currency used is ‘Euro’ which is approximately equal to 1.15 US dollar. Rome welcomed 9.4 million visitors in 2016.
Weather and climate
Rome experiences a Mediterranean climate with slight elements of continental. Temperature ranges from minimum 3°C in winters to maximum 31°C in summers. It receives 800 mm of rainfall each year with a maximum between Octobers to December.
Best time to visit
Rome is at its best in autumn and spring, which is from mid-April to mid-June and from September to early October. It is irrelevant to visit in winters due to low temperatures and heavy rainfall during this time.
Places of attraction
It is an oval amphitheater in the center of the city. This iconic ancient Roman arena is built up of travertine, tuff and brick-faced concrete. Construction of the largest amphitheater ever built, was started in 70 AD and was completed in 80 AD. Spread over an area of 6 acres, it has a height of 48 m. you can visit this masterpiece of ancient Roman architecture between 8:30 a.m. to 7 p.m.
It is an Italian Renaissance church in the Vatican City. It is the world’s largest basilica of Christianity. Its construction was started on 18th April 1506 and was opened on 18th November 1626. It has a height of 137 m and a capacity of holding 20,000 worshippers.
It is a rectangular forum surrounded by the ruins of several ancient government buildings. Located in the center of the city, people believe that it was a marketplace originally. These are believed to be somewhat 2000 years old. You can visit this place from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m.
They are Christian and art museums within the boundaries of Vatican City. Vatican museums are the fourth most visited art museums in the world. Founded in 1506, they display works from the collection by popes and several renowned roman sculptures. They have the most important masterpieces of Renaissance art in the world. You can visit this place from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. except for Sundays.
Standing 26.3 m high and 49.15 m wide, it is one of the famous fountains in the world. Built in baroque architecture, its construction was started in the year 1732 and was completed in 1762.